Harvard University

Harvard University is a Cambridge, Massachusetts-based private research university in the Ivy League. Harvard Universty is the oldest university in the country, having been established in 1636 as Harvard College and named for its first patron, the Puritan preacher John Harvard.

Harvard Universty is among the world’s most prestigious colleges due to its stature, resources, and impact.

In spite of never being technically linked with any denomination, Harvard College initially trained Congregational clergy, as permitted by the Massachusetts colonial assembly, which was “dreading to leave an illiterate ministry to the churches” when it was founded.

Throughout the 18th century, both the student body and the curriculum were progressively secularized. Harvard was the most well-known academic and cultural establishment among the elite of Boston by the 19th century.

Reference 10 In The college established several connected professional schools that helped it become a contemporary research university after the American Civil War, during the lengthy presidency of Charles William Eliot (1869–1909). The Association of American Universities was co-founded by Harvard in 1900.In [12] Conant James B. commanded led the university through the Great Depression and World War II, and liberalized admissions after the war.

The Radcliff Institute At Harvard University

The Harvard Radcliffe Institute and ten academic faculties make up the university. A wide range of undergraduate and graduate academic fields are offered by the Faculty of Arts and Sciences, whereas other faculties exclusively offer graduate degrees, including professional degrees.

Primary Campuses Of Harvard University:

Three sites make up Harvard University: the medical campus located in Longwood Medical Area in Boston.

The adjacent campus across the Charles River in the Allston area of Boston;

The 209-acre (85 ha) Cambridge campus around H the 209-acre (85 ha) Cambridge campus around Harvard Yard.

Harvard is the richest university in the world, with an endowment valued at $50.7 billion.[/3]The undergraduate college receives funding from endowments, which allows it to admit students with no consideration to their financial situation and offer loan-free financial aid ,In The largest academic library system in the world.

During its history, Harvard has produced 188 living billionaires, eight US presidents, multiple heads of state, Nobel laureates, Fields Medalists, members of Congress, MacArthur Fellows, Rhodes Scholars, Marshall Scholars, Turing Award Recipients, Fulbright Scholars, and members of Congress. By most measures, Harvard is ranked among the top universities in the world in each of these categories.

Note 1 Students and graduates have also started illustrious enterprises, won 10 Academy Awards, 48 Pulitzer Prizes, and 110 Olympic medals (46 gold).

Campuses Of Harvard University

Cambridge Universities
Additionally see Harvard Kennedy School, Harvard Law School, Harvard Radcliffe Institute, Harvard John A. Paulson School of Engineering and Applied Sciences, Harvard Divinity School, Harvard Graduate School of Design, Harvard Graduate School of Education, and Harvard Kennedy School.


Centered on Harvard Yard (“the Yard”) in Cambridge, approximately 3 miles (5 km) west-northwest of downtown Boston, the 209-acre (85 ha) Harvard main campus sprawls into the nearby Harvard Square area.

Widener, Pusey, Houghton, and Lamont libraries, Memorial Church, and administrative buildings including University Hall and Massachusetts Hall are also located inside the Yard.

Main academic buildings of the Faculty of Arts and Sciences, including the college, including Harvard Hall and Sever Hall, are located in the vicinity of the Yard.

Memorial Church’s freshman residence halls are in, or Hall in Massachusetts; libraries like Widener, Pusey, Hand H.I. Hall in Massachusetts; libraries

Main academic buildings of the Faculty of Arts and Sciences, including the college, including Harvard Hall and Sever Hall, are located in the vicinity of the Yard.

Commemorative Church

The freshman residence halls are located in or close to the Yard. Twelve residential residences, nine south of the Yard near the Charles River and the last one half a mile northwest of the Yard in the Radcliffe Quadrangle (where Radcliffe College students used to dwell) are occupied by upperclassmen.

Houses consist of undergraduate students, faculty deans, and resident tutors, and each has an own dining hall, library, and recreational space .In [46]

Additionally, the Radcliffe Institute for Advanced Study in Cambridge is home to the Kennedy (public policy), Divinity (theology), Engineering and Applied Science, Design (architecture), Law, Education, and Extension schools.

Allston


Harvard University’s expansion in Allston, Massachusetts The university occupies 358 acres (145 ha) in Allston, a Boston neighborhood that is directly across the Charles River from its Cambridge campus. It is home to the Harvard Business School, Harvard Innovation Labs, and numerous athletics facilities, including Harvard Stadium. The two campuses are linked by the pedestrian John W. Weeks Bridge, which span in Charles River.

The university is presently acquiring more land in Allston than it does in Cambridge, and it is actively growing there.In [51] Harvard Stadium, additional sports facilities, graduate student housing, a hotel and conference center, and new building or renovations for the Business School are all planned.In [52]

The Harvard John A. Paulson School of Engineering and Applied Sciences is set to grow into a new Science and Engineering Complex spanning over 500,000 square feet in 2021.

Long Wood

Additionally Longwood Academic and Medical Area

Harvard University’s Medical School
About 3.3 miles (5.3 km) south of the Cambridge campus, in the Longwood Medical and Academic Area of Boston, sits a 21-acre (8.5 ha) site housing the medical, dental, and public health schools.Reference [14] Longwood is home to a number of Harvard-affiliated medical facilities and research centers, including the Wyss Institute for Biologically Inspired Engineering, Boston Children’s Hospital, Brigham and Women’s Hospital, Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, and Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center. There are several affiliates spread out over the Greater Boston region, the most notable of which is Massachusetts General Hospital.

Others
Harvard is the owner of the Harvard Forest near Petersham, Massachusetts; the Concord Field Station at Estabrook Woods in Concord; the Dumbarton Oaks Research Library and Collection in Washington, D.C.

Other

Harvard University owns the Dumbarton Oaks Research Library and Collection in Washington, D.C., Harvard Forest in Petersham, Massachusetts, the Concord Field Station in Estabrook Woods in Concord, Massachusetts, the Villa I Tatti research center in Florence, Italy, the Harvard Shanghai Center in Shanghai, China and the Arnold Arboretum in the Jamaica Plain neighborhood of Boston.

Organization and administration

Governance

SchoolFounded
Harvard College1636
Medicine1782
Divinity1816
Law1817
Engineering and Applied Sciences1847
Dental Medicine1867
Arts and Sciences1872
Business1908
Extension1910
Design1936
Education1920
Public Health1913
Government1936
University seal

Through the Harvard Corporation, which selects the Harvard University President, in conjunction with its Board of Overseers and the Fellows of Harvard College .In [58]There are 2,400 professors, lecturers, and instructors among the 16,000 employees and faculty members [59].60]

As the largest faculty at Harvard, the Faculty of Arts and Sciences is primarily in charge of teaching at Harvard

College, the Graduate School of Arts and Sciences, the John A. Paulson School of Engineering and Applied Sciences (SEAS), and the Division of Continuing Education, which is home to Harvard Extension School and Harvard Summer School.

The Radcliffe Institute for Advanced Study is just one of nine graduate and professional faculties on campus.

Academics

Teaching and learning

Massachusetts Hall (1720), Harvard’s oldest building
Harvard Yard

Libraries and museums

Widener Library anchors the Harvard Library system.
Henry Moore’s sculpture Large Four Piece Reclining Figure, near Lamont Library

The Harvard Library system is centered in Widener Library in Harvard Yard and comprises nearly 80 individual libraries holding about 20.4 million items.[16][17][19] According to the American Library Association, this makes it the largest academic library in the world.[17][5]

Houghton Library, the Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America, and the Harvard University Archives consist principally of rare and unique materials. America’s oldest collection of maps, gazetteers, and atlases both old and new is stored in Pusey Library and open to the public. The largest collection of East-Asian language material outside of East Asia is held in the Harvard-Yenching Library

Other

Harvard owns the Dumbarton Oaks Research Library and Collection in Washington, D.C., Harvard Forest in Petersham, Massachusetts, the Concord Field Station in Estabrook Woods in Concord, Massachusetts,[55] the Villa I Tatti research center in Florence, Italy,[56] the Harvard Shanghai Center in Shanghai, China,[57] and the Arnold Arboretum in the Jamaica Plain neighborhood of Boston.

Organization and administration

Governance

SchoolFounded
Harvard College1636
Medicine1782
Divinity1816
Law1817
Engineering and Applied Sciences1847
Dental Medicine1867
Arts and Sciences1872
Business1908
Extension1910
Design1936
Education1920
Public Health1913
Government1936

Joint programs with the Massachusetts Institute of Technology include the Harvard–MIT Program in Health Sciences and Technology, the Broad Institute, The Observatory of Economic Complexity, and edX.

Endowment

 Harvard University endowment

Harvard has the largest university endowment in the world, valued at about $50.7 billion as of 2023.[3][4] During the recession of 2007–2009, it suffered significant losses that forced large budget cuts, in particular temporarily halting construction on the Allston Science Complex.[61] The endowment has since recovered.[62][63][64][65]

About $2 billion of investment income is annually distributed to fund operations.[66] Harvard’s ability to fund its degree and financial aid programs depends on the performance of its endowment; a poor performance in fiscal year 2016 forced a 4.4% cut in the number of graduate students funded by the Faculty of Arts and Sciences.[67] Endowment income is critical, as only 22% of revenue is from students’ tuition, fees, room, and board.[68]

Academics

Teaching and learning

Massachusetts Hall (1720), Harvard’s oldest building
Harvard Yard

Harvard University is a large, highly residential research university[75] offering 50 undergraduate majors, 134 graduate degrees, and 32 professional degrees.[78] During the 2018–2019 academic year, Harvard granted 1,665 baccalaureate degrees, 1,013 graduate degrees, and 5,695 professional degrees.

Harvard College, the four-year, full-time undergraduate program, has a liberal arts and sciences focus.[75][76] To graduate in the usual four years, undergraduates normally take four courses per semester.[79] In most majors, an honors degree requires advanced coursework and a senior thesis.[80] Though some introductory courses have large enrollments, the median class size is 12 students.[81]

Research

Harvard is a founding member of the Association of American Universities[82] and a preeminent research university with “very high” research activity (R1) and comprehensive doctoral programs across the arts, sciences, engineering, and medicine according to the Carnegie Classification.

University with “very high” research activity (R1) and comprehensive doctoral programs across the arts, sciences, engineering, and medicine according to the Carnegie Classification.

Libraries and museums

Widener Library anchors the Harvard Library system.
Henry Moore’s sculpture Large Four Piece Reclining Figure, near Lamont Library

The Harvard Library system is centered in Widener Library in Harvard Yard and comprises nearly 80 individual libraries holding about 20.4 million items.[16][17][19] According to the American Library Association, this makes it the largest academic library in the world.[17][5]

Houghton Library, the Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America, and the Harvard University Archives consist principally of rare and unique materials. America’s oldest collection of maps, gazetteers, and atlases both old and new is stored in Pusey Library and open to the public. The largest collection of East-Asian language material outside of East Asia is held in the Harvard-Yenching Library

There are three museums in the Harvard Art Museums. The Germanic Museum, now known as the Busch–Reisinger Museum, focuses on art from central and northern Europe; the Fogg Museum encompasses art from Asia, the Mediterranean, and Islam.

Government Of Students

Students in colleges are represented by the Undergraduate Council. All twelve graduate and professional schools, the majority of which also have their own student government, are represented by the Graduate Council.In [117]

Athletics
There are intramural sports programs at both the graduate and undergraduate colleges.

The NCAA Division I Ivy League conference is home to Harvard College. More intercollegiate sports teams than any other college in the nation are fielded by the institution, with 42.

The oldest continuous international amateur competition in the world takes place every two years, pitting the track and field teams of Harvard, Yale, and Cambridge against a combined squad from Oxford and Cambridge.* [119] Similar to other Ivy League colleges, Harvard does not provide scholarships for athletics . The color of the school is red.

The annual football game between Harvard and Yale, which has been a fixture of the sports world since 1875, serves as the highlight of the teams’ fierce rivalry in every sport in which they compete.

Gazette of Harvard University


The Harvard University Gazette, also known as the Harvard Gazette, is the university’s official news source. It is currently a website instead of a print publication.

It makes information about university events, faculty, research, and instruction public. It was first published as a weekly calendar of news and activities in 1906. It started publishing every week in 1968.

“If weekly reading suits you best, the most comprehensive and authoritative medium is the Harvard University Gazette,” was a saying that accompanied the newspaper when it was still in print. It provided up-to-date information about Harvard happenings.

Reducing its publication schedule to every other week, the Gazette “shifted from a print-first to a digital-first and mobile-first” publication in 2010. The publication retained the same number of reporters, including’

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